Executive function is a mental process that allows us to understand our past experiences with present action. As you know, the brain uses this skill to guide behavior toward accomplishing a goal, prioritizing tasks, controlling impulses and focusing our attention. Doctors can explain to parents that children are born with the potential to gain these abilities through their experiences with caregivers, family members, teachers and other influential persons impacting their development.1Continue reading
While the incidence of SIDS has decreased since the launch of the Back to Sleep campaign in 1992, the number of infant deaths resulting from accidental suffocation, asphyxia, and entrapment has increased in recent years1. In 2011, the American Academy of Pediatrics expanded its recommendations to promote a safer sleep environment for infants. Continue reading
Parents often rely on their child’s healthcare provider for information and support regarding infant feeding practices and nutrition. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends introducing solid food to an infant’s diet around 6 months of age.1 However, the results of a 2013 survey, which included 1,334 new mothers, indicated that 40 percent of respondents introduced solid foods to their infants much earlier – prior to 4 months of age.2 Given the short-term and long-term risks associated with early solid food introduction, it is essential for healthcare providers to give clear and accurate feeding recommendations at early well-child visits. Continue reading
Popular misconceptions regarding communication delays in boys, bilingual children, and younger siblings may prevent these groups from getting the help they need. All children who show early warning signs of a delay should immediately be referred for a developmental screening by a speech-language pathologist. Developmental screenings are typically free and last approximately 15 minutes. Early detection and treatment give children with communication delays a greater chance of improving with speech therapy.
In the past 25 years, the number of children with early motor delays has dramatically increased. The American Academy of Pediatrics Council on Disabilities estimates that as many as 400,000 children are at risk for an early motor delay. Suggested reasons for this sharp increase are varied and include: a rise in multiple and premature births, increased survival rate of children with cardiac, neurological, and genetic disorders, and post birth positioning. Continue reading
Pathways.org is a national not-for-profit educational foundation that is dedicated to providing free resources and information for parents and health professionals on children’s sensory, motor, and communication development. By sharing these free educational resources, Pathways.org hopes to increase knowledge of the importance of early detection and early intervention. Continue reading