Why Are Motor Skills Important?
Acquiring motor skills is just one part of a child’s development. Mastering both fine and gross motor skills are important for a child’s growth and independence. Having good motor control helps a child explore the world around them and also helps with their cognitive development.
Gross Motor Skills: movements related to large muscles such as legs, arms, etc.
Fine Motor Skills: movements involving smaller muscle groups such as those in the hand and wrist.
Examine the milestones listed below to track your child’s development. Remember, if you have a concern talk with your health care provider and ask for an evaluation.
- While lying on tummy, pushes up on arms
- While lying on tummy, lifts and holds head up
- Able to move fists from closed to open
- Able to bring hands to mouth
- Moves legs and arms off of surface when excited
- Uses hands to support self while sitting
- Rolls from back to tummy and tummy to back
- While standing with support, accepts entire weight with legs
- Reaches for toys while on tummy
- While lying on back, reaches both hands to play with feet
- While lying on back, transfers a toy from one hand to the other
- Sits without support
- Sits and reaches for toys without falling
- Moves from tummy or back into sitting
- Starts to move with alternate leg and arm movement e.g. creeping, crawling
- Picks up head and pushes through elbows during Tummy Time
- Turns head to visually track objects while sitting
- Shows more control while rolling and sitting
- Picks up small objects with thumbs and fingers
- In simple play imitates others
- Pulls to stand and cruises along furniture
- Stands alone and takes several independent steps
- Moves in and out of various positions to explore environment and get desired toys
- Maintains balance in sitting when throwing objects
- Claps hands
- Releases objects into a container with a large opening
- Uses thumb and pointer finger to pick up tiny objects
- Walks independently and seldom falls
- Squats to pick up a toy
- Stacks two objects or blocks